Basic Vegetable Gardening

Is there a part of your backyard that you never really use for anything? You just might want to seriously think about learning about basic vegetable gardening and planting some vegetables there! Home vegetable gardening is becoming morebasic vegetable gardening popular every day. Those who enjoy vegetable gardening and who plant them feel that what they grow themselves is much tastier and healthier for them than what they can buy at the store. It’s very important that what they serve their family comes straight from their gardens fresh and delicious. These individuals know where and how their vegetables were grown, and that no harmful pesticides were used. They know for certain that their home grown crops are both safe and healthful to feed to themselves and to their families. By home vegetable gardening during these tough financial times, what with food prices going through the roof, saving money by growing your own vegetables makes perfect sense. Without too much effort, trying your hand at vegetable gardening can easily save you hundreds of dollars and at the same time you’ll be able to eat nutritious and delicious food.

There are really only four things that you need to consider to begin vegetable gardening. You need fresh water, a good location, an appropriate climate for the vegetables you’re growing, and sufficiently good soil to make your vegetable gardening a success.

basic vegetable gardeningBesides these four considerations, just how you actually go about setting up your garden is only limited by your imagination. Whether you’re in the country where there’s plenty of land, in the suburbs with an average sized backyard, in the city were space is limited, or even if you’re in a very cold climate and can only grow things indoors, you’d be truly amazed at how much vegetable gardening can provide garden fresh food you can grow no matter where you may live.

Vegetable Gardening and Garden Placement

The very first decision you’ll need to make is where to place your vegetable garden. No matter where you’re located, you’ll need an area that gets at least six hours of sunlight each day. You don’t need to hide it in the ugliest part of your property either. You can make this a beautiful addition to your home’s surroundings.

Your ideal spot will have some drainage and will slope a bit to the south and east to catch the sunshine early in the day, yet it should still be able to get plenty of sunlight later in the day. One vegetable gardening secret is to shelter your vegetable garden from any unseasonably cold winds out of the north. A protective structure such as a building or even a hedge or wooden fence would be perfectly fine. Some simple evergreenbasic vegetable gardening shrubs will protect your garden quite nicely. Protection from the wind is a detail that is often overlooked by most people who just start out at vegetable gardening, but it can make a huge difference in how well your vegetable garden survives some unseasonably bad weather.

Vegetable Gardening and Your Soil

The ideal soil for any garden is a sandy loam. It’s a soil that’s light and well aerated, drains well and supports plant growth because it has a lot of nutrient materials in it. Because most soils have clay in them, the sand component of the soil lets water pass through it and lets it drain well. If there’s too much clay in the soil it packs together, it won’t drain, and turns to muck when it gets wet. Loam is a very rich and crumbly soil where the sand and clay are balanced in proportion to each other. It has a dark color, it just plain looks good, and it’s the ideal vegetable gardening soil.

The reason most soils are poor is that it takes a long time to make good fertile topsoil. A lot of dead organic materials need to build up over centuries. Most soils in established areas have become depleted of these natural nutrients and need to be brought back through cultivation and amendment. Fortunately, with a little work this really isn’t that hard to do, and your vegetable gardening efforts will be greatly rewarded.

basic vegetable gardeningChances are the soil in the location you’re going to choose for your garden is probably going to be less than perfect. But don’t despair: Even if the soil in your backyard is just a notch above concrete, almost any soil can be brought up to a really high degree of richness and productivity with not too much work. This is where cultivation comes in.

Cultivation is the process that brings easily available nutrients into the soil for the plants to use, and helps break up the soil so the roots can get at them. If there aren’t many available nutrients, they can be added back with materials such as manure. Because the typical backyard garden is relatively small, the amount of materials needed to do this won’t break your bank account.

Watering Your Vegetable Garden

You’ll find it very useful to set up your garden near a ready source of water. It’s always preferable to have a faucet nearby so more convenient watering with a sprinkler or even a drip irrigation system can be set up. If you’re planning on vegetable gardening in a small garden near the house, just carrying a watering can for a short distance is probably fine. Just remember on those really hot days you’ll have to water more frequently, and this might get old.

What Are the Best Vegetable Gardening Crops to Grow?

You need to consider what types of crops when vegetable gardening that you will want to grow and their physical relationship to each other. This decision will influence the size, arrangement, and timing of your garden plantings. For instance, vegetables such as carrots, spinach, beets and basic vegetable gardeningradishes that have an early yield need to be grouped together. Those producing multiple crops throughout the year need to be placed towards the back of the garden, away from frequent foot traffic that tends to compact the surrounding soil. Another trick to better yields when vegetable gardening is to plant some vegetables that produce a crop early in the year and group them together so you can take advantage of the freed up space and replant something else that has a shorter growth cycle in that spot later in the season.

Some plants also don’t “play well” with others. For instance, potatoes and broccoli can slow or inhibit the growth of tomatoes, while beans inhibit the growth of onions, and so on. Just remember, you can put these plants together in your garden, just keep them far enough apart by planting something else in between them.

Challenges in Vegetable Gardening: Weeding and Controlling Your Vegetable Garden for Insect Pests

Once planted and growing, weeding and keeping out unwanted dinner guests from your now thriving garden will be an ongoing vegetable gardening activity. Don’t worry. There are very simple, effective, tried and true natural and very inexpensive ways of keeping anything you don’t want in your garden out of there. For keeping unwanted weeds and pests out of your vegetable garden, the name of the game is prevention.

Basic vegetable gardening is easy once you get the hang of it. After a few months of tending your first garden and following a few very simple, step-by-step instructions, any novice vegetable gardener will be able to enjoy a delicious harvest of nutritious produce. You’ll get closer to the earth, eat a healthier diet, and save yourself a lot of money along the way. You’ll also get a sense of satisfaction and achievement by what you will have accomplished by gardening vegetables for yourself and your family.